Welcome to the 429th Critical Care Reviews Newsletter, bringing you the best critical care research and open access articles from across the medical literature over the past seven days. As you might expect, this issue is dominated by the COVID-19 emergency, with a range of publications addressing this topic. The CCR COVID-19 webpage has also been added, including the best evidence to date, as well as guidelines, reviews, commentaries and links to additional resources.
The highlights of this week's edition are randomised controlled trials on nerinetide for acute ischaemic stroke & decompressive craniotomy for severe traumatic brain injury; systematic reviews and meta analyses on high-flow nasal oxygen as apneic oxygenation during endotracheal intubation in critically ill patients & the clinical characteristics of 50,466 hospitalized patients with 2019-nCoV infection; and observational studies on positive RT-PCR test results in patients recovered from COVID-19 & a summary of 72 314 cases of 2019-nCoV from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. There are also guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia & tracheal intubation in patients with COVID-19; narrative reviews on extracorporeal support of multiple organ failure & antimicrobial de-escalation; a commentary on practical considerations and management strategy of COVID-19 for intensivists; an editorial on antimicrobial de‑escalation; as well as correspondence on CITRIS-ALI and organ donation during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic.
This week's Topic of the Week is COVID-19 part II, starting with a paper on what anaesthetists should know about this new coronavirus outbreak in yesterday's Paper of the Day.
If you only have time to read one article this week, try this one on new insights on a rapidly changing COVID-19 epidemic.
- Abstract: Hill. Efficacy and safety of nerinetide for the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke (ESCAPE-NA1): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2020;epublished February 20th
- Full Text: Chen. The Effect of Controlled Decompression for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Front Neurol 2020;11:107
- Full Text: Ashoor. Nebulized heparin and salbutamol versus Salbutamol alone in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring mechanical ventilation: a double blind randomised controlled trial. Korean J Anesthesiol 2020;epublished February 28th
- Full Text: Deng. Intraoperative ventilation strategies to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications: a network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Br J Anaesth 2020;124(3,):324–335
- Full Text: Bosco. Women in anaesthesia: a scoping review. Br J Anaesth 2020;124(3):e134–e147
- Full Text: Jhou. High-flow nasal cannula therapy as apneic oxygenation during endotracheal intubation in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific Reports 2020;10:3541
- Full Text: Sun. Clinical characteristics of 50466 hospitalized patients with 2019-nCoV infection. J Med Virol 2020;epublished February 28th
- Full Text: Li. Comparison of T-piece and pressure support ventilation as spontaneous breathing trials in critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Critical Care 2020;24:67
- Full Text: Guan. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med 2020;epublished February 28th
- Full Text: Lan. Positive RT-PCR Test Results in Patients Recovered From COVID-19. JAMA 2020;epublished February 27th
- Abstract: Jones. Empirical Anti-MRSA vs Standard Antibiotic Therapy and Risk of 30-Day Mortality in Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia. JAMA Intern Med 2020;epublished February 17th
- Full Text: Tsai. Impact of corticosteroid treatment on clinical outcomes of influenza-associated ARDS: a nationwide multicenter study. Ann Intensive Care 2020;10(1):26
- Abstract: Wrapp. Cryo-EM structure of the 2019-nCoV spike in the prefusion conformation. Science 2020;epublished February 19th
- Full Text: Wu. Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China. Summary of a Report of 72 314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. JAMA 2020;epublished February 24th
- Full Text: Bai. Presumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19. JAMA 2020;epublished February 21st
- Full Text: Fang. Sensitivity of Chest CT for COVID-19: Comparison to RT-PCR. Radiology 2020;epublished February 19th
- Full Text: Bernheim. Chest CT Findings in Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19): Relationship to Duration of Infection. Radiology 2020;epublished February 20th
- Full Text: Kong. Chest Imaging Appearance of COVID-19 Infection. Radiology 2020;epublished February 13th
- Jin. A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia. Mil Med 2020;7:4
- Zuo. Expert Recommendations for Tracheal Intubation in Critically ill Patients with Noval Coronavirus Disease 2019. Chin Med Sci J 2020;epublished February 27th
- Jordan. Challenges in the diagnosis of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Recommendations from the North American Consortium for Histiocytosis (NACHO). Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019;66(11):e27929
- International evidence-based guidelines on Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) for critically ill neonates and children issued by the POCUS Working Group of the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC). Critical Care 2020;24:65
- Peng. Outbreak of a new coronavirus: what anaesthetists should know. Br J Anaesth 2020;epublished February 11th
- Shanmugaraj. Emergence of Novel Coronavirus 2019-nCoV: Need for Rapid Vaccine and Biologics Development. Pathogens 2020;9(2):148
- Zu. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Perspective from China. Radiology 2020;epublished February 21st
- Li. The neuroinvasive potential of SARS-CoV2 may be at least partially responsible for the respiratory failure of COVID-19 patients. J Med Virol 2020;epublished February 27th
- Lai. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2020;epublished February 17th
- Laughlin. Postsurgical Neuropathy: A Descriptive Review. Mayo Clin Proc 2020;95(2):355–369
- Pilato. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: Clinical and Radiological Considerations. Front Neurol 2020;11:34
- Hinduja. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: Clinical Features and Outcome. Front Neurol 2020;11:71
- Huang. Recent strategies on targeted delivery of thrombolytics. Asian J Pharm Sci 2019;14(3):233-247
- Bernardi. Albumin in decompensated cirrhosis: new concepts and perspectives. Gut 2020;epublished February 26th
- Skeith. A practical approach to evaluating postoperative thrombocytopenia. Blood Adv 2020;4(4):776–783
- De Waele. Antimicrobial de-escalation as part of antimicrobial stewardship in intensive care: no simple answers to simple questions—a viewpoint of experts. Intensive Care Med 2020;46:236–244
- Butt. ECMO for Neonatal Sepsis in 2019. Front Pediatr 2020;8:50
- Collie. Vitamin C measurement in critical illness: challenges, methodologies and quality improvements. Clin Chem Lab Med 2020;58(4):460–470
- Ditkofsky. Imaging Ballistic Injuries. Can Assoc Radiol J 2020;epublished February 27th
- Van Wyck. Beyond the burn: Studies on the physiological effects of flamethrowers during World War II. Mil Med 2020;7:8
- Raslau. Preoperative Cardiac Risk Assessment. Mayo Clin Proc 2020;epublished February 24th
- Rasouli. Anesthesia for the patient with a recently diagnosed concussion: think about the brain! Korean J Anesthesiol 2020;73(1):3-7
- Lim. Anesthetic management of geriatric patients. Korean J Anesthesiol 2020;73(1):8-29
- Lewis. Immune checkpoint inhibitors: a narrative review of considerations for the anaesthesiologist. Br J Anaesth 2020;124(3):251–260
- Huber. Options in extracorporeal support of multiple organ failure. Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2020;epublished February 24th
- Gates. Responding to Covid-19 — A Once-in-a-Century Pandemic? N Engl J Med 2020;epublished February 28th
- Morens. Escaping Pandora’s Box — Another Novel Coronavirus. N Engl J Med 2020;epublished February 26th
- Bouadma. Severe SARS-CoV-2 infections: practical considerations and management strategy for intensivists. Intensive Care Med 2020;epublished February 26th
- Chatterjee. Indian pharma threatened by COVID-19 shutdowns in China. Lancet 2020;epublished February 29th
- del Rio. COVID-19—New Insights on a Rapidly Changing Epidemic. JAMA 2020;epublished February 28th
- Vitamin C for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Failure. JAMA 2020;323(8):791-793
- Pan. Challenges and countermeasures for organ donation during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic: the experience of Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital. Intensive Care Med 2020;epublished February 25th
- Honore. Thrombolytic therapy during resuscitation for pulmonary embolism-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: perhaps not the ideal solution for everyone. Critical Care 2020;24:64
- Honore. In severe liver disease, citrate can be used safely: the question remains—by which mechanism. Critical Care 2020;24:64
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