Acute Heart Failure


  1. Ponikowski. Pathogenesis and Clinical Presentation of Acute Heart Failure. Rev Esp Cardiol 2015;epublished March 3rd  
  2. Dunlay. Contemporary Strategies in the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2014;89(5):662-676
  3. Levy. Acute Heart Failure Treatment. Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports 2013;1(2):112-121
  4. Pater. Management of acute heart failure-Is there a paradigm shift around the corner? WJCD 2013;3:1-7
  5. Gheorghiade. Acute Heart Failure Syndromes. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;53;557-573.
  6. Katz. The ''Modern'' View of Heart Failure: How Did We Get Here? Circ Heart Fail 2008;1;63-71
  7. Howlett. Current treatment options for early management in acute decompensated heart failure. Can J Cardiol 2008;24(SupplB):9B-14B.
  8. Allen. Management of acute decompensated heart failure.  CMAJ 2007 Mar 13;176(6):797-805.
  9. Vilas-Boas. Current insights into the modern treatment of decompensated heart failure. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2006 Sep;87(3):369-77. Review
  10. Okuda. A Multidisciplinary Overview of Cardiogenic Shock.  Shock 25(6):557-570, June 2006


Respiratory Impairment

  1. Pang. Airway Management and Assessment of Dyspnea in Emergency Department Patients with Acute Heart Failure. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2013;1:122–125


Volume Status

  1. Tuy. Fluid-Volume Assessment in the Investigation of Acute Heart Failure. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2013;1:126–132


  1. Choudhary. Biomarkers for Diagnosis and Prognosis of Acute Heart Failure. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2013;1:133–140


  1. Di Somma. Bioimpedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) for Diagnosis and Management of Acute Heart Failure. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2014;2:104-111




  1. Guglin. Inotropes do not increase mortality in advanced heart failure. International Journal of General Medicine 2014;2014(7):237-251


  1. Vazir. The use of diuretics in acute heart failure: Evidence based therapy? WJCD 2013;3:25-34

Calcium Antagonists

  1. Martins. Why are calcium antagonists still being used in heart failure in the era of calcium sensitizers? Arq Bras Cardiol 2000 Sep;75(3):253-61


  1. Levy. Vasodilators in Acute Heart Failure: Review of the Latest Studies. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2014;2:126-132
  2. Valente. Renal effects of vasodilators in acute heart failure. WJCD 2013;3:8-17

Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists

  1. Pitt. Heart failure: the role for mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Swiss Med Wkly. 2014;144:w13959


  1. Hiestand. Implantable Cardiac Devices and the Acute Care Management of Decompensated Heart Failure. Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep 2013;1:105–111