1st #CCR17 Video Out This Weekend
Welcome to the 270th Critical Care Reviews Newsletter, bringing you the best critical care research and open access articles from across the medical literature over the past seven days. The highlights of this weeks edition are two randomised controlled trials, comparing sodium bicarbonate with sodium chloride for the prevention of contrast-associated AKI and also evaluating the effect of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in major burn patients. In addition, there are guidelines on early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients and postoperative delirium, plus narrative reviews on shock induced endotheliopathy and organ donation and elective ventilation.
If you only have time to read one paper this week, try this one on acute kidney injury. This week's Topic of the Week is critical care nutrition, based on a series of articles in the Nutrition in Clinical Practice journal, starting with a paper on whether we should aim for full enteral feeding in the first week of critical illness in tomorrow's Paper of the Day.
The first video from the Critical Care Reviews Meeting 2017 will be out this week and be available on the website. I'll place a link in the newsletter next Sunday. I'll aim to put one or two out per week for the few months.
- Abstract: Valette. Sodium Bicarbonate Versus Sodium Chloride for Preventing Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Crit Care Med 2017;epublished February 7th
- Abstract: Patterson. A Randomised trial of Expedited transfer to a cardiac arrest centre for non-ST elevation ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: The ARREST pilot randomised trial. Resuscitation 2017;epublished February 4th
- Abstract: Tihista. Effect of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids derived from fish oil in major burn patients: A prospective randomized controlled pilot trial. Clin Nutr 2017;epublished January 16th
- Abstract: Wilcox. Bezlotoxumab for Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection. N Engl J Med. 2017 Jan 26;376(4):305-317
- Abstract: van Adrichem. Thromboprophylaxis after Knee Arthroscopy and Lower-Leg Casting (POT-CAST). N Engl J Med 2017;376:515-525
- Abstract: Mir. A randomised controlled trial comparing transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) pre-oxygenation with facemask pre-oxygenation in patients undergoing rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2016;epublished December 30th
- Abstract: Wikkelsø. Thromboelastography (TEG) or rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) to monitor haemostatic treatment in bleeding patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. Anaesthesia 2017;epublished January 4th
- Abstract: Hammond. Systematic Review and Metaanalysis of Acute Kidney Injury Associated With Concomitant Vancomycin and Piperacillin/Tazobactam. Clin Infect Dis 2017;epublished February 9th
- Abstract: Detsis. ICU Acquisition Rate, Risk Factors, and Clinical Significance of Digestive Tract Colonization With Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Crit Care Med 2017;epublished February 2nd
- Abstract: Stevens. Comparative Effectiveness of Vancomycin and Metronidazole for the Prevention of Recurrence and Death in Patients With Clostridium difficile Infection. JAMA Intern Med 2017;epublished February 6th
- Full Text: Russell. Early exposure to hyperoxia and mortality in critically ill patients with severe traumatic injuries. BMC Pulm Med 2017;17(1):29
- Full Text: Silver. Cost of Acute Kidney Injury in Hospitalized Patients. J Hosp Med 2017;12(2):70-76
- Abstract: Wiewel. Prior Use of Calcium Channel Blockers Is Associated With Decreased Mortality in Critically Ill Patients With Sepsis; a Prospective Observational Study. Crit Care Med 2017;epublished January 10th
- Full Text: Riddell. Who Are the Most Influential Emergency Physicians on Twitter? West J Emerg Med 2017;18(2)281-287
- Prabhakar. Propofol versus thiopental sodium for the treatment of refractory status epilepticus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;3;2:CD009202
- Robertson. Fixed dose subcutaneous low molecular weight heparins versus adjusted dose unfractionated heparin for the initial treatment of venous thromboembolism. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD001100
- Lemyre. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD003212
- Hamilton. Liposomal bupivacaine infiltration at the surgical site for the management of postoperative pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD011419
- Arumugam. Delirium in the intensive care unit. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2017;10:37-46
- Estebe. The nerve: A fragile balance between physiology and pathophysiology. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2017;34(3):118-126
- Shaefi. Hypothermia for severe traumatic brain injury in adults: Recent lessons from randomized controlled trials. Surg Neurol Int 2016;7:103
- An. Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Clinical Features of Intracerebral Hemorrhage: An Update. J Stroke 2017;19(1):3-10
- Heit. Imaging of Intracranial Hemorrhage. J Stroke 2017;19(1):11-27
- KIm. Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Management. J Stroke 2017;19(1):28-39
- Heo. Computed Tomography-Based Thrombus Imaging for the Prediction of Recanalization after Reperfusion Therapy in Stroke. J Stroke 2017;19(1):40-49
- dela Peña. Strategies to Extend Thrombolytic Time Window for Ischemic Stroke Treatment: An Unmet Clinical Need. J Stroke 2017;19(1):50-60
- Marbacher. Interdisciplinary decision-making and treatment of intracranial aneurysms in the era of complementary microsurgical and endovascular techniques. Swiss Med Wkly 2016;146:w14372
- Sánchez-Enrique. Heart Transplant and Mechanical Circulatory Support in Patients With Advanced Heart Failure. Rev Esp Cardiol 2017;epublished February 12th
- Amat-Santos. Current and Future Percutaneous Strategies for the Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure. Rev Esp Cardiol;2017 epublished January 30th
- Schranz. ‘End-stage’ heart failure therapy: potential lessons from congenital heart disease: from pulmonary artery banding and interatrial communication to parallel circulation. Heart 2017;103:262-267
- Johansson. Shock induced endotheliopathy (SHINE) in acute critical illness - a unifying pathophysiologic mechanism. Critical Care 2017;21:25
- Ryu. Perioperative management of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and heart failure: an anesthesiologist's perspective. Korean J Anesthesiol 2017;70(1):3-12
- Song. Dual antiplatelet therapy and non-cardiac surgery: evolving issues and anesthetic implications. Korean J Anesthesiol 2017;70(1):13-21
- Giannakakis. Thrombolysis in peripheral artery disease. Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis 2017;epublished February 5th
- Rezkalla. Management of No-Reflow Phenomenon in the Catheterization Laboratory. J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2017;10(3):215–23
- Maeder. Pulmonary hypertension associated with left-sided heart disease. Swiss Med Wkly 2017;147:w14395
- Yvette. Current challenges in the treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection: early treatment potential of fecal microbiota transplantation. Ther Adv Gastroenterol 2017;epublished February 8th
- McClave. Should We Aim for Full Enteral Feeding in the First Week of Critical Illness? Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):425-31
- Oshima. Supplemental Parenteral Nutrition Is the Key to Prevent Energy Deficits in Critically Ill Patients. Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):432–437
- Patel. When Is It Appropriate to Use Arginine in Critical Illness? Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):438–444
- Mundi. When Is It Appropriate to Use Glutamine in Critical Illness? Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):445–450
- Roosevelt. Should Immune-Enhancing Formulations Be Used for Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome? Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):451–456
- Koekkoek. Antioxidant Vitamins and Trace Elements in Critical Illness. Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):457–474
- McCleary. Parenteral Nutrition and Infection Risk in the Intensive Care Unit. A Practical Guide for the Bedside Clinician. Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):476–489
- Duesing. Central Venous Access in the Pediatric Population With Emphasis on Complications and Prevention Strategies. Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):490–501
- Schlein. Gastric Versus Small Bowel Feeding in Critically Ill Adults. Nutr Clin Pract 2016;31(4):514–522
- Rinninella. Nutritional support in acute pancreatitis: from physiopathology to practice. An evidence-based approach. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017;21(2):421-432
- Makris. Acute Kidney Injury: Diagnostic Approaches and Controversies. Clin Biochem Rev 2016;37(4):153–175
- Sunkara. Perioperative Management of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs): A Systemic Review. Health Serv Insights 2016;9(Suppl 1):25-36
- van Bussel. Increased Dicarbonyl Stress as a Novel Mechanism of Multi-Organ Failure in Critical Illness. Int J Mol Sci 2017;18(2)
- Yung. Xenotransplantation: where do we stand in 2016? Swiss Med Wkly. 2017;147:w14403
- Borasio. Choosing wisely at the end of life: the crucial role of medical indication. Swiss Med Wkly 2016;146:w14369
- Escudero. Organ Donation and Elective Ventilation: A Necessary Strategy. Biomed Res Int 2017;2017:7518375
- Blaser. Early enteral nutrition in critically ill patients: ESICM clinical practice guidelines. Intensive Care Med 2017;epublished February 6th
- Aldecoa. European Society of Anaesthesiology evidence-based and consensus-based guidelines on postoperative delirium. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2017; 34:1–23
- Fung. Review and update of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline on status epilepticus. Hong Kong Med J 2017;23(1):67–73
- Yoshida. Ultrasound-Guided Obturator Nerve Block: A Focused Review on Anatomy and Updated Techniques. BioMed Research International 2017;2017:7023750
- Schiele. Quality indicators for acute myocardial infarction: A position paper of the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association. European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care 2017;6(1):34–59
- Preiser. Could type 2 diabetes be a component of the post-intensive care syndrome? Critical Care 2017;21:26
- Kim. Small but serious risk of perioperative steroid use. Korean J Anesthesiol 2017;70(1):1-2
- Plachouras. Antimicrobial stewardship: we know it works; time to make sure it is in place everywhere. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017;(2):10.1002/14651858.ED000119
- Kompanje. Will we become more compassionate or empathic intensive care professionals by watching films and documentaries about suffering? Intensive Care Med 2017;epublished February 7th
- Shanafelt. Addressing Physician BurnoutThe Way Forward. JAMA 2017;epublished February 9th
- Andropoulos. Anesthesia and Developing Brains — Implications of the FDA Warning. N Engl J Med 2017;epublished February 8th
- Heung. Has the time come to abandon chloride-rich resuscitation fluids? Ann Transl Med 2017;5(1):12
- Popovich. Another look at CHG bathing in a surgical intensive care unit. Ann Transl Med 2017;5(1):13
- Wang. Chlorhexidine gluconate use to prevent hospital acquired infections—a useful tool, not a panacea. Ann Transl Med 2017;5(1):14
- Haji. Sonographic evaluation of the diaphragm morphology and function in the critically ill. Ann Transl Med 2017;5(1):15
- Lippi. Laboratory monitoring of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs)—The perfect storm? Ann Transl Med 2017;5(1):6
- Umamaheswara. Biomarkers and prognostication in traumatic brain injury. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:2-5
- Kulkarni. Pattern and categorisation of neurosurgical emergencies. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:6-8
- Alcaraz. Intraoperative electrocorticography. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:9-12
- Sahu. Optic nerve sheath diameter: A novel way to monitor the brain. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:13-8
- Ganjoo. Challenges in paediatric neurosurgery. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:19-23
- Karnik. Fluid management in infants and children during intracranial surgery. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:24-9
- Moningi. Anaesthetic management of children with craniopharyngioma. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:30-7
- Manikandan. Cardiovascular manifestations of subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:38-44
- Shrestha. Lung maladies following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:45-8
- Souter. Critical care of subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:49-55
- Dash. Recent advances in the management of post-operative intracerebral vasospasm. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:56-9
- Chan. Statins for aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: Another loss in translation. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:60-4
- Shukla. Outcome and rehabilitation of patients following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:65-75
- Swain. Cervical spine movement during intubation. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:76-80
- Sharma. Desflurane in neurosurgery: Pros. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:81-4
- Srivastava. Use of desflurane in neurosurgery: Cons. J Neuroanaesthesiol Crit Care 2017;4, Suppl S1:85-7
- Tuinman. Freedom of speech for all critically ill patients: work in progress. Critical Care 2017;21:27
- Sato. Blood pressure and acute kidney injury. Critical Care 2017;21:28
- Sanfilippo. The importance of diastolic dysfunction in the development of weaning-induced pulmonary oedema. Critical Care 2017;21:29
There are just 5 months left unit Das SMACC and all tickets have now been sold for the main conference. If you are interested in attending the workshops, there are a very small number of tickets left for the Hardcore Intensive Care workshop being organised by Steve Mathieu and Sarah Yong. With a superb international faculty, this half-day event will address your burning critical care questions.
The Canadian Critical Care Conference (www.canadiancriticalcare.CA; @CriticalCareCa) is rather special. Not only a spectacular location (world famous Whistler, British Columbia, Canada) but also the world's finest downhill skiing, cross-country skiing, and mountain village location (did we mention it's in Whistler?). Located at the lovely Four Seasons Resort, we offer a meeting crammed with world renown speakers but in a more laid back, interactive, and reinvigorating setting that your typical medical conference. We cover all of the core science and latest research, but do not shy away from all those topics that make for a great, or not so great, patient care. This includes human factors, burnout and resilience, end-of-life care, multidisciplinary care, social media, organ donation, and the patient perspective. We are always kean to engage trainees and nurses, we offer world class precourses, and we ensure time to enjoy all that makes Whistler and Blackcomb so special. We have no desire to be the world's largest acute care conference. Rather we want to create something unique: an opportunity to learn; to interact, to have fun, and to leave more refreshed and engaged. Come and join us.
(Image from Chensiyuan via Wikipedia)
The Critical Care Symposium (CCS) was initiated to satisfy the purpose of creating a world-class environment for medical enrichment in the North of England, particularly in Manchester. It was envisioned as a common informal platform wherein professionals from the field of critical care could provide and enhance the knowledge of delegates on current practices and related fields of interest.
Now in its 14th year, the annual conference regularly has renowned speakers from around the world and attracts more than 400 delegates. And this year is no different. In recent years a parallel course on ultrasound has been conducted alongside the conference that provides ample hand-on experience over two days. This year will host the 7th Ultrasound in Acute Care. For more information please visit http://critcaresymposium.co.uk.
The ANZICS/ACCCN Annual Scientific Meeting, which incorporates the annual Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Conference, will be held at the Gold Coast Convention and Exhibition Centre, 11-13 October 2017. The Annual Scientific Meeting will be the preeminent critical care conference in Australasia for the calendar year and will be an important platform that will allow doctors, nurses and allied health practitioners to meaningfully connect and discuss new developments and research in the field of intensive and critical care.
The theme of the Meeting is “Thinking Outside the Flags” and will focus upon innovative and challenging advances that lie outside the safe zone of current practice, as well as the potential dangers that they may bring. A number of highly regarded international speakers will join our distinguished national and local speakers, experts in the field of intensive care medicine, nursing and allied health, promising delegates an exciting and challenging program.
Registration and the call for abstracts will open on 20 March 2017. For further information or to express your interest in attending, please visit http://intensivecareasm2017.com.au/.
Critical Care Horizons is a fresh new voice in the critical care literature, offering thought-provoking, cutting-edge commentary and opinion papers, plus state-of-the-art review articles. The journal is free to publish with and free to read, opening authorship opportunity to all. The energetic editorial board consists of a deliberate mix of clinicians active in social media and world renowned academics, all driven by a desire to improve the care we offer our patients, and operate without financial gain or incentive. If you have an idea for a paper, and can say it in an engaging manner, please get in touch. We also need peer reviewers.
COI - I am the editor-in-chief of this new journal, but work in a voluntary capacity, as do all the editors.
I hope you find these links useful.