Newsletter 132 / June 15th 2014
Welcome to the abbreviated 132nd Critical Care Reviews Newsletter. I'm presently travelling with limited internet access, so this is the smallest newsletter in a long time. Accordingly, there are no study summaries this week. I'm away next week also, so this limited service will persist for a little longer.
This week's research studies include a single randomized controlled trial on percutaneous tracheostomy airway management; meta analyses on aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage and noninvasive haemoglobin measurement; and observational studies on vasopressors, a sepsis scoring system, acute kidney injury, out-of-hospital airway management, ventilator-associated pneumonia, anticoagulation following traumatic brain injury, and the rapid shallow breathing index.
One study critique looks at high frequency oscillation in early ARDS (OSCILLATE trial). Two editorials address penicillin-sensitive bacteria and ARDS; while there are commentaries on ARDS and assessing value in biomedical research. This week there is correspondence in the NEJM on the DESTINY II trial (hemicraniectomy in extensive middle-cerebral-artery stroke)
Amongst the clinical review articles are papers on ketamine, the endothelial glycocalyx, haemodynamic monitoring, heliox, thoracostomy tubes, hypomagnesaemia, hyperglycaemia, catheter-related bloodstream infections, necrotizing fasciitis, and paediatric neurotrauma.
The topic for This Week's Papers is the second in a two part series, on cardiac arrest, focusing on special situations, and starting with a paper on obstetric cardiac arrest in tomorrow's Paper of the Day.
Critical Care Horizons
A new open access critical care journal was launched this week, called Critical Care Horizons. This is a not-for-profit journal, aligned with the FOAMed ethos. It is free to publish with and free to read. It aims to publish cutting edge commentaries, perspectives, and opinion pieces, as well as state-of-art review articles. If you have something interesting to say, come and say it with us. COI - I am the editor-in-chief for the journal. All members of the editorial board work voluntarily and do not benefit financially from this journal.
This week I was honoured to talk with Scott Weingart, on his incredibly popular EMCRIT podcast. We discussed some of the issues raised in his intra-cardiac arrest management talk at SMACCgold, plus in a second briefer talk, Critical Care Reviews and Critical Care Horizons.
- Abstract: Anantasit. Serious Adverse Events Associated With Vasopressin and Norepinephrine Infusion in Septic Shock. Crit Care Med 2014;epublished June 10th
- Abstract: Osborn. Sepsis Severity Score: An Internationally Derived Scoring System From the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Database. Crit Care Med 2014;epublished June 10th
- Full Text: Nachtigall. Standard operating procedures for antibiotic therapy and the occurrence of acute kidney injury: a prospective, clinical, non-interventional, observational study. Critical Care 2014;18:R120
- Abstract: Diggs. An update on out-of-hospital airway management practices in the United States. Resuscitation 2014;85(7):885–892
- Full Text: Peyrani. Higher clinical success in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus treated with linezolid compared with vancomycin: results from the IMPACT-HAP study. Critical Care 2014;18:R118
- Abstract: Albrecht. Benefits and Risks of Anticoagulation Resumption Following Traumatic Brain Injury. JAMA Intern Med 2014;epublished June 10th
- Abstract: Zhang. Comparison of Pressure Support Ventilation and T-piece in Determining Rapid Shallow Breathing Index in Spontaneous Breathing Trials. Am J Med Sci 2014;epublished June 4th
- Abstract: Wang. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor usage and acute kidney injury: a secondary analysis of RENAL study outcomes. Nephrology (Carlton) 2014;epublished June 3rd
- Full Text: Girotra. Hospital Variation in Survival Trends for In-hospital Cardiac Arrest. J Am Heart Assoc 2014;3(3)
- Abstract: Goligher. Oxygenation Response to PEEP Predicts Mortality in ARDS: A Secondary Analysis of the LOVS and ExPress Trials. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2014;epublished June 11th
- Krishnamoorthy. Bench-to-bedside: The use of local anesthetics to attenuate inflammation in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2014;4:98-100
- Ioannidis. Assessing Value in Biomedical ResearchThe PQRST of Appraisal and Reward. JAMA 2014;epublished June 9th
- Sleigh. Ketamine – More mechanisms of action than just NMDA blockade. Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care 2014;4(2):76-81
- Alphonsus. The endothelial glycocalyx: a review of the vascular barrier. Anaesthesia 2014;69:777–784
- Arora. Changing trends of hemodynamic monitoring in ICU - from invasive to non-invasive methods: Are we there yet?. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2014;4:167-76
- Male. Role of neural modulation in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. Indian J Med Res 2014;139:512-22
- Hashemian. The use of heliox in critical care. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2014;4:137-41
- Kwiatt. Thoracostomy tubes: A comprehensive review of complications and related topics. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2014;4:142-54
- Viana. Assessment and treatment of hyperglycemia in critically ill patients. Rev bras ter intensiva 2014;26(1):71-76
- Pham. Hypomagnesemia: a clinical perspective. International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease 2014;7:219-230
- Gahlot. Catheter-related bloodstream infections. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2014;4:161-6
- Vijayakumar. Necrotizing Fasciitis: Diagnostic Challenges and Current Practices. ISRN Infectious Diseases 2014;2014:208072
I hope you find these links useful.
Until next week.